Skip to content
On this page


Wolverine can be configuration intensive, allows for quite a bit of customization if you want to go down that road, and involves quite a bit of external infrastructure. All of those things can be problematic, so Wolverine tries to provide diagnostic tools to unwind what's going on inside the application and the application's configuration.

Many of the diagnostics explained in this page are part of the Oakton command line integrationl As a reminder, to utilize this command line integration, you need to apply Oakton as your command line parser as shown in the last line of the quickstart sample Program.cs file:

using Oakton;
using Quickstart;
using Wolverine;

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);

// The almost inevitable inclusion of Swashbuckle:)

// For now, this is enough to integrate Wolverine into
// your application, but there'll be *many* more
// options later of course :-)

// Some in memory services for our application, the
// only thing that matters for now is that these are
// systems built by the application's IoC container

var app = builder.Build();

// An endpoint to create a new issue that delegates to Wolverine as a mediator
app.MapPost("/issues/create", (CreateIssue body, IMessageBus bus) => bus.InvokeAsync(body));

// An endpoint to assign an issue to an existing user that delegates to Wolverine as a mediator
app.MapPost("/issues/assign", (AssignIssue body, IMessageBus bus) => bus.InvokeAsync(body));

// Swashbuckle inclusion

app.MapGet("/", () => Results.Redirect("/swagger"));

// Opt into using Oakton for command line parsing
// to unlock built in diagnostics and utility tools within
// your Wolverine application
return await app.RunOaktonCommands(args);

snippet source | anchor

Command Line Description

From the command line at the root of your project, you can get a textual report about your Wolverine application including discovered handlers, messaging endpoints, and error handling through this command:

dotnet run -- describe

Previewing Generated Code

If you ever have any question about the applicability of Wolverine (or custom) conventions or the middleware that is configured for your application, you can see the exact code that Wolverine generates around your messaging handlers or HTTP endpoint methods from the command line.

To write out all the generated source code to the /Internal/Generated/WolverineHandlers folder of your application (or designated application assembly), use this command:

dotnet run -- codegen write

The naming convention for the files is [Message Type Name]Handler####### where the numbers are just a hashed suffix to disambiguate message types with the same name, but in different namespaces.

Or if you just want to preview the code into your terminal window, you can also say:

dotnet run -- codegen preview

Environment Checks

Wolverine's external messaging transports and the durable inbox/outbox support expose Oakton's environment checks facility to help make your Wolverine applications be self diagnosing on configuration or connectivity issues like:

  • Can the application connect to its configured database?
  • Can the application connect to its configured Rabbit MQ / Amazon SQS / Azure Service Bus message brokers?
  • Is the underlying IoC container registrations valid?

To exercise this functionality, try:

dotnet run -- check-env

Or even at startup, you can use:

dotnet run -- check-env

to have the environment checks executed at application startup, but just realize that the application will shutdown if any checks fail.

Troubleshooting Handler Discovery

Wolverine has admittedly been a little challenging for some new users to get used to its handler discovery. If you are not seeing Wolverine discover and use a message handler type and method, try this mechanism temporarily so that Wolverine can try to explain why it's not picking that type and method up as a message handler:

using var host = await Host.CreateDefaultBuilder()
    .UseWolverine(opts =>
        // Surely plenty of other configuration for Wolverine...

        // This *temporary* line of code will write out a full report about why or 
        // why not Wolverine is finding this handler and its candidate handler messages

snippet source | anchor

Asserting Wolverine Configuration

Probably mostly for testing projects, you can verify that all the message handlers and the underlying Lamar IoC container for your application are in a valid state by executing this method:

public static void assert_configuration_is_valid(IHost host)

snippet source | anchor

Note that this method will attempt to generate and compile the source code for each message type and use Lamar's own diagnostics as well.

Troubleshooting Message Routing

Among other information, you can find a preview of how Wolverine will route known message types through the command line with:

dotnet run -- describe

Part of this output is a table of the known message types and the routed destination of any subscriptions. You can enhance this diagnostic by helping Wolverine to discover message types in your system.

And lastly, there's a programmatic way to "preview" the Wolverine message routing at runtime that might be helpful:

public static void using_preview_subscriptions(IMessageBus bus)
    // Preview where Wolverine is wanting to send a message
    var outgoing = bus.PreviewSubscriptions(new BlueMessage());
    foreach (var envelope in outgoing)
        // The URI value here will identify the endpoint where the message is
        // going to be sent (Rabbit MQ exchange, Azure Service Bus topic, Kafka topic, local queue, etc.)

snippet source | anchor

Released under the MIT License.